On May 15, 1750, at age 18, Martha married Daniel Parke Custis, a rich planter two decades her senior, and moved to his residence, White House Plantation, located on the south shore of the Pamunkey River, a few miles upriver from Chestnut Grove. They had four children together: Daniel, Frances, John, and Martha. Daniel (November 19, 1751–February 19, 1754) and Frances (April 12, 1753–April 1, 1757) died in childhood. The other two children, John (Jacky) Parke Custis (November 27, 1754–November 5, 1781) and Martha (“Patsy”) Parke Custis (1756–June 19, 1773), survived to young adulthood. Her husband’s death in 1757 left Martha a rich young widow at age 26, with independent control over a dower inheritance for her lifetime, and trustee control over the inheritance of her minor children. In all, she was left in custody of some 17,500 acres of land and 300 slaves, apart from other investments and cash.[10] According to her biographer, “she capably ran the five plantations left to her when her first husband died, bargaining with London merchants for the best tobacco prices.”

(via Wikipedia)

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