American Commander Arthur St. Clair surrenders Fort Ticonderoga to a much larger British force. St. Clair had prepared two escape routes, knowing his outnumbered force had little chance of defending the fort against a concentrated British attack, but was ordered to hold the fort for as long as possible. However, when he learned of the guns of Mount Defiance and of a British attempt to cut off their escape, St. Clair decided, at risk to his reputation, to abandon the fort. In the early morning of July 6, 1777, the American garrison evacuated Ticonderoga with the British advanced guard nipping at their heels.

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